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Towns & Villages










view over the vines to the village of Sancerre




What may surprise you most (it did us) on a visit to the town of Sancerre is the way that it rises from the plains of the Loire Valley as if to proclaim its position as lord of all it surveys. It is a position of strength that has made the village a strategic location for most of its history. The village grew up around a small church and then abbey of the11th century but there is evidence of an even earlier Roman settlement - it was probably they who planted the first vines.


This eventually led to a fortress being built by local noblemen in the 12th century to secure what at the time was one of the most important defensive sites of the region. The castle walls had six defensive towers built into it - one,  the 'Tour des Fiefs' which has survived the ravages of time, can still be climbed today to take in the surrounding panoramas. The fortification helped repel English armies from two attacks during the Hundred Years' War, unfortunately the protection did not extend to the nearby church and abbey which were destroyed by the English.


During the French ‘Wars of Religion’ the town was also the site of the infamous ‘Siege of Sancerre’ (3 January-19 August 1573) where the Huguenot (Protestant) population held out for nearly eight months against the Catholic forces of the king before finally giving in to starvation - they were reduced to eating their dogs - and a promise of religious freedom that never actually materialised. The king would eventually order the destruction of the defences so as to prevent any future resistance to the crown. 

Tour des Fiefs in Sancerre


Speaking of resistance, the town also played its part during WWll as the regional centre for the French Resistance,


Sancerre town centre


There is a pretty town centre where the majority of commerce can be found


There are a number of good restaurants in and around Sancerre including the Michelin rated La Tour in the town centre itself and with choices from pizzas to gourmet cooking you should be able to find something to suit your tastes and budget.


There is also a 'salon de the' within the well stocked patisserie



Despite its turbulent history the town has been able to maintain much of its architectural heritage with many fine examples of 15th century houses surviving to this day.  Its picturesque streets make exploring the town a pleasure and you will find yourself stopping off at a café or restaurant or trying the famous local wine in the many wine caves spread throughout the town.


steep allayway in Sancerre pituresque street in Sancerre archway in Sancerre cobbled street in the village of Sancerre


Ah! the wine - it's what brings most visitors here - it's why we went. The dry, white Sancerre wines from the Sauvignon Blanc grape have made this little corner of France famous the world over but did you know that until the dreaded phylloxera arrived in the late 19th century, this was Pinot Noir country producing mainly red wines. The Sauvignon Blanc grape planted to replace the lost vines thrives in the variety of soils (terroirs) that surround the town. Limestone, clay and flintstone (silex) all contribute to the tastes. The area which includes many of the surrounding hamlets does however not only produce its famous white wines but it is also home to some very good red wines crafted from the Pinot Noir grape and some delightful, savoury rosé wines.



photo showing the red rose and white wines of Sancere


To get some insight into the 'terroir' and how it affects the local wines we suggest you visit l'Aronde Sancerroise where a very knowledgeable and charming lady will talk you through the geological qualities of the soil and allow you to taste their effect on the wines.

where to go winetasting in Sancerre


Maison de Sancerre in Sancerre

Next to the church in the town, ( 3, Rue des Meridiens) you will also find the Maison-des-Sancerre which provides the same comprehensive information on the soil and the producers but in a more formal way plus they will let you know about visiting the hundreds of wine houses of the surrounding area. You should  also check out the views from their garden.


Open daily from March 26 to November 13. 
March, April, May, October and November: 10:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. 
June, July, August, September. 10:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m. 


Adult Price: 5 € 
Free for children under 12 years 


Esplanade Porte Cesar where the tourist office can be found in Sancerre


There is a tourist circuit, available from the tourist office on Esplanade Porte César - ask for 'Le Fil d'Ariane' leaflet - which is a red trail painted on the roads which gives you a guided tour of the town (there is also one for the kids). If you walk to the end of the road you will be rewarded with great views over the river Loire.



view of the river Loire from high up in Sancerre




You will also be looking down towards the hamlet of Chavignol which is home to the famous goat's cheese of the same name

'Crottin de Chavignol' which is supposed to be a great accompaniment for the white wines of the area. The hamlet only has 200  inhabitants but its numbers swell during high season when visitors come to sample the cheese and do a spot of wine tasting in one of the many wine caves along its main street.






When we visited the town we stayed in the centrally located 'Le Clos Saint Martin' which was very comfortable - you can check it out here along with other hotels in the town.



External links:


www.actualites-maison-des-sancerre    You can see some great photographs of the vine harvest here


www.maison-des-sancerre.com             Find out about wine events in the area


www.golf-sancerre.com/                        Golf


vins-centre-loire.com/                            Wine events in and around Sancerre







loirevalleyexperiences.blogspot              A visit to the area


www.thewinedoctor.com/                      The 'winedoctor' will be featuring wines of this area during 2014


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"Author: Jim Craig"